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Personality: A GuideTo Who We Are!

Have you ever wondered what it is that makes us who we are? 

Why are some people different from us and from one another? 

If that's the case, it's due to "personality." So, what exactly is personality?

According to Gordon Allport, an American psychologist; Personality is the dynamic organization within the individual of those psycho-physical systems that determine his unique adjustment to his environment. To put it simply, A person's individual patterns of thinking, feeling, and behaving are referred to as personality. 

A fact to know…

Did you know? Gordon Allport and other "personologists" claimed that knowing personality traits is the best way to understand individual differences.

The dilemma now is, what are the specific traits that makeup personality? So here you have it! There are five key traits that make up one's personality. 

5 Key TraitsDescription
OpennessOpenness is a quality that involves both imagination and understanding. This personality trait is marked by a strong interest in the world, other people, and a desire to learn and try new things. It leads to a diverse set of interests and a greater willingness to explore when making decisions. 
ConscientiousnessConscientious people are well-organized and have a strong sense of responsibility. They are trustworthy, disciplined, and goal-oriented. Conscientious individuals do not go on round-the-world travels without a plan; they are planners. Conscientiousness is a beneficial quality to have because it has been related to academic and professional success.
ExtraversionThe Big Five personality characteristics of extraversion and introversion are arguably the most well-known. Extraverts receive their energy from social interaction, but introverts need a lot of alone time. Shyness is characterized by a fear of social interactions or a social inability.
AgreeablenessTrust, selflessness, compassion, and affection are all qualities that people with a high level of agreeableness have. Agreeable people have high positive social tendencies, indicating that they are more inclined to help others. Disagreeableness is the reverse of agreeableness, however, it appears in socially unpleasant behavior traits. 
NeuroticismThe physical and emotional response to stress and imagined risks in one's daily life is known as neuroticism. Even in their own homes, neurotic people tend to overthink a lot of situations and have a hard time relaxing. Mood swings, anxiety, and irritability are more common in those with high levels of neuroticism.

Figure 1: The Big Five” or “Five-Factor Model” (Goldberg, 1990; McCrae & John, 1992; McCrae & Costa, 1987)

The Five-Factor Model is by far the most widely accepted framework for describing personality traits. Using the acronym OCEAN, you may remember these five easily.

  • O is for Openness
  • C is for Conscientiousness
  • E is for Extraversion
  • A is for Agreeableness
  • N is for Neuroticism

So, how does it feel to be informed that these 5 personality traits may describe your whole personality? The majority of individuals are unlikely to agree. In reality, other lower-level units of personality exist that are more precise than the Big 5 traits. These more precise, lower-level components of personality are sometimes referred to as facets.

TraitFacets of Trait
Openness
  • Fantasy Prone
  • Open to feelings
  • Open to diverse behaviors
  • Open to new and different ideas
  • Open to various values and beliefs
Conscientiousness
  • Competent
  • Orderly
  • Dutiful
  • Achievement Oriented
  • Self-disciplined
  • Deliberate
Extraversion
  • Sociable
  • Warm
  • Assertive 
  • Active
  • Excitement-seeking
  • Positive emotionality
Agreeableness
  • Trusting
  • Straightforward
  • Altruistic
  • Compliant
  • Modest 
  • Tender minded
Neuroticism
  • Anxious 
  • Angry 
  • Depressed
  • Self-consciousness
  • Impulsive
  • Vulnerable

Figure 2: Facets of Traits

Facets are important because they give more precise descriptions of a person's personality. 

This detailed profile of facet scores provides not just a more accurate description, but also a handy overview of what a person is like. When we truly want to get to know someone, facet scores can help us a lot.

Now the question to ask yourself…

What is your personality type?

Final Words…

If you want to know more about personality, take our HappiLife screening and find out more about who you are and your strengths. HappiLife screening helps you to understand different facets of your life and it also helps to understand your personality style.

If you want to build your personality don’t do extraordinarily,

just act like a human being.

- Mohammad Rishad Sakhi